Loggerhead and green turtles nest on parts of the Egyptian Mediterranean coast; compared to other nesting areas in the Mediterranean, nesting numbers are considered low. The main nesting area is a 22 km stretch of sandy Mediterranean coastline of the Sinai Peninsula, west of Arish city, of which 8 km lies within the boundaries of the Zaranik Protected Area, a protected section of Bardawil Lake (a Ramsar site). On the coast west of Alexandria, nesting occurs in low numbers, with nests scattered along the coastline.
Important inshore and nearshore foraging grounds exist in Egyptian Mediterranean waters, around the Nile delta and along the western coast beyond Alexandria. Turtles have been tracked to Egypt from various areas of the Mediterranean, such as Cyprus, Syria, Turkey and Israel. Genetic studies also showed connectivity with rookeries located in Turkey and Greece.
The key threats for sea turtles across the Egyptian Mediterranean coast are predominately bycatch (interaction with fisheries), direct take (consumption), habitat loss (due to coastal development on nesting beaches or destruction of marine habitats) and pollution. As regards natural threats, ghost crab predation on hatchlings has been documented in nesting sites along the North Sinai coast.